The primary focus of the California Department of Education’s (CDE) Coordinated School Health and Safety Office (CSHSO) is to provide students with the knowledge and skills that enable them to be tobacco free. The secondary focus of the CSHSO is to develop California’s next generation of tobacco-free advocates who represent a cross-section of California’s priority populations.
Comprehensive evidence-based tobacco-use prevention, youth development, intervention, and cessation programs are an important part of this effort and an effective strategy against four of the five leading causes of death in California: heart disease, cancer, chronic obstructive lung disease, and fires caused by smoking.
TUPE funds are intended for tobacco-use prevention, youth development, intervention, and cessation programs only. The purpose of the TUPE program is to reduce youth tobacco use by helping young people make healthy tobacco-related decisions through tobacco-specific research-validated educational instruction and activities that build knowledge as well as social skills and youth development assets. Collaboration with community-based tobacco control programs is an integral part of program planning. Within the San Dieguito Union High School District, school staff, parents, students, and the larger community are involved in the program, so that students are aware of our cohesive effort and concern for their health and, consequently, their ability to succeed in school and life.
Principles of Effectiveness as Applied to Tobacco-Use
Having tobacco-free schools is one of our nation's highest priorities. Recipients of TUPE funds must use those funds in ways that are most likely to reduce tobacco use among youth. Recipients shall coordinate their TUPE-funded programs with other available prevention efforts to maximize the impact of all the tobacco prevention programs and resources available, and shall:
1. In General
a. Be based on an assessment of objective data regarding the incidence of tobacco use in the public elementary schools and secondary schools and communities to be served, including an objective analysis of the current conditions and consequences regarding tobacco use that is based on ongoing local assessment or evaluation activities;
b. Be based on an established set of performance measures aimed at ensuring that the elementary schools and secondary schools and communities to be served by the program have tobacco-free learning environment;
c. Be based on scientifically based research that provides evidence that the program to be used will reduce tobacco use;
d. Include meaningful and ongoing consultation with and input from parents in the development of the application and administration of the program or activity.
2. Periodic Evaluation
a. REQUIREMENT-The program or activity shall undergo a periodic evaluation to assess its progress toward reducing tobacco use in schools to be served based on performance measures described above.
b. USE OF RESULTS-The results shall be used to refine, improve, and strengthen the program, and to refine the performance measures, and shall also be made available to the public upon request, with public notice of such availability provided.
Research Based Curriculum and Instruction
Our local programs are based on research that has determined the effectiveness of particular programs and instructional strategies. The California Department of Education has provided us with information about Research-Validated programs, as well as research-based activities, to prevent tobacco use.
We currently utilize Project Alert (PA) curriculum, taught in grades 7 and 8 and Toward No Drugs (TND) curriculum, taught in grades 9 through 12.
Project ALERT is a free classroom-based substance abuse prevention program for 7th and 8th graders that’s proven to reduce the experimental and continued use of drugs. Through a series of comprehensive lessons, PA motivates students against drug use, cultivates new non-use attitudes and beliefs, and equips teens with the skills and strategies they’ll use to resist drugs.
Project ALERT is proven to:
● Motivate students against drug use
● Provide skills and strategies to resist drugs
● Establish new non-use attitudes and beliefs
For more information visit https://www.projectalert.com/
Toward No Drugs is an effective, interactive classroom-based substance abuse prevention program that is based on more than two decades of successful research at the University of Southern California. Project TND focuses on three factors that predict tobacco, alcohol, and other drug use, violence-related behaviors, and other problem behaviors among youth, including:
● Motivation factors (i.e., students' attitudes, beliefs, expectations, and desires regarding drug use);
● Skills (effective communication, social self-control, and coping skills); and
● Decision-making (i.e., how to make decisions that lead to health-promoting behaviors).
For more information visit http://tnd.usc.edu/index.php
We also utilize the Community Intervention's cessation programs. Helping Teens Stop Using Tobacco (TAP) provides the options, resources, education, and support to help teens stop using tobacco. Intervening with Teen Tobacco Users (TEG) is a practical, science-based program that teaches staff how to effectively deal with students who violate a school's tobacco policy.
For more information visit http://www.communityintervention.org/index.html
A Positive Alternative to Suspension - TEG website
This comprehensive, 8-session educational program is for students in grades 7 through 12 who do not want to stop using tobacco. This may include teens who violate school policy or community ordinances on underage tobacco use. Many schools use TEG as a positive alternative to suspension and as a diversion program for juvenile courts.
Based on Prochaska and DiClemente's stages of change, TEG is designed to move teenage tobacco users from not wanting to quit to wanting to quit. Through videos, demonstrations, and cooperative learning, teenage tobacco users learn about the negative consequences of tobacco use. They gain the knowledge, motivation, and action steps to move toward a healthier, tobacco-free lifestyle. Participants are encouraged to reduce their tobacco use, quit on their own, or join a voluntary tobacco cessation program.
● To move participants through the stages of change from precontemplation or contemplation to preparation
● To provide information on the processes and effects of tobacco use
● To provide a positive alternative to suspension for schools and a diversion program for juvenile courts
● To motivate participants to adopt healthier lifestyles
● To motivate participants to join a tobacco cessation group.
Helping Teens Stop Using Tobacco (TAP)
A Step-by-Step, Voluntary Cessation Program for Teens - TAP website
This award-winning, eight-session program provides tobacco-using teens in grades 7 through 12 with the information, motivation, and support to successfully stop using cigarettes or spit tobacco. In an adult-led support group setting, tobacco users are gently guided to a personally selected quit date and provided with specific strategies to remain tobacco-free. Facilitators and peers provide the cessation options, guidance, and social support for the choices participants make as they design their own approach to becoming tobacco-free.
● To increase awareness of short- and long-term effects of tobacco use
● To understand the addictive nature of nicotine
● To increase awareness of the risk for becoming victims of tobacco use
● To identify the individual best ways to quit using tobacco
● To explain a variety of cessation methods including cold turkey, tapering, and postponing
● To provide specific techniques to handle nicotine withdrawal symptoms
● To teach skills to avoid the triggers, thoughts, feelings, and physical cravings that lead to tobacco use, including stress management and refusal skills
● To provide a supportive environment to encourage movement to the action and maintenance stages of change
Tobacco Policies and Practices
Board Policy 5131.62 and its Administrative Regulation identifies and recognizes that tobacco use presents serious health risks, and it outlines both educational goals and prohibitions regarding products containing tobacco, vapor emitting devices, and other devices that mimic the use of tobacco products.
Youth Development and Other TUPE Supported Programs
Youth development activities were selected consistent with research regarding the youth development approach (CDE’s Youth Development Web page). The goal of the chosen youth development activities is to increase youth awareness of the harmfulness of tobacco, de-normalize tobacco use, and to encourage and develop young tobacco-free advocates. Strategies target minority populations and those who use tobacco to deal with stress issues, control weight, or have depressive issues, as well as the general population.
Youth development activities/strategies include:
● Peer Educator Programs
● Teen Presenters
● Study Buddy
● Youth Involvement In Anti-tobacco Advocacy and Media Literacy/Youth Media Production to Counter the Influence of the Tobacco Industry
● Teens for Teen Safety
● Having A Voice (HAV)
● Young Leaders in Health Care
● Club Live
● Advocacy activities
Other TUPE supported programs include:
● Wellness Events
● Character Counts
● Rachel’s Challenge
● READI Parent Forums
● Red Ribbon Week
● Smart Start Driving Safety Class
● Law Enforcement Presentations
● Support Groups
● California Smokers Helpline 1-800-NO-BUTTS